The passing of Fidel: A giant who contributed so much to making a better world

On Friday, November 25, the world lost one of history’s most selfless individuals. Fidel Castro passed away at the age of 90.

Born into a very wealthy family, Fidel began standing up for the underdog at a surprisingly young age. His father owned a farm thousands of hectares in size and employed hundreds of poorly paid workers. These workers would line up at a window in the family home on payday to receive their pay. As a young boy, Fidel learned of their terrible income and threatened to organize the workers in rebellion if his father did not immediately increase their pay!

The rest of Fidel’s life story is far too lengthy to even attempt to summarize here, but these are just a handful of the outstanding achievements he realized in his lifetime:

• In the Western Hemisphere (North America, South America, and the
 Caribbean) hundreds of thousands of children will go to sleep tonight on the street. They are homeless. Not one of them is Cuban.

• In Cuba everyone has free access to a health care system rated by health experts from all points on the political spectrum as one of the best in the world.

• Cuba’s literacy rate is one of the highest in the world — much higher than almost every nation in the Western Hemisphere.

• Life expectancy in Cuba ranks very favourably. Depending which system is used, Cuba’s life expectancy is often just under America’s by only a month or two. The World Health Organization, for instance, puts Canada’s life expectancy at 82.2 years, America’s at 79.3 years and Cuba’s at 79.1 years.

• It was Nelson Mandela’s opinion that Cuba did more than any other nation to bring about an end to apartheid in South Africa. By the way, Nelson Mandela was only arrested and put on trial for trying to bring apartheid to an end because of a tip from American agents working in South Africa. He then spent 27 years in jail.

• Cuba offers free education, not just K-12, but unlimited post-secondary 
education as well.

• The World Wildlife Fund ranks Cuba as the nation with the smallest environmental footprint, even after taking into consideration the size of the Cuban economy. In other words, based on per unit of economic output, Cuba has the world’s smallest environmental footprint.

Who has the better human rights record — Cuba or the US?

1. In Cuba, after Fidel’s defeat of the hated American backed dictator, Batista, there has not been a single instance of an innocent, unarmed civilian being shot dead by a police officer. In the United States, this happens with great frequency.

2. In Cuba, passive demonstrators are not pepper sprayed, tear gassed, maced, and then shot at with rubber bullets, water cannons and sound cannons. In North Dakota over the past few weeks this has occurred every night.

3. Cuba has never engaged in or been accused of engaging in extrajudicial execution of any citizen of any nation, much less any of its own citizens.
 In contrast, Obama has engaged in the extrajudicial execution of
 American citizens. Obama’s position is that he has a legal opinion that indicates he has this legal authority.

4. Cuba has never engaged in, or been accused of engaging in, waterboarding or any other form of torture.

5. Cuba does not use drones to attack wedding parties. The United States does if it believes that amongst the wedding party is an individual believed likely to commit terrorism in the future. The United States then uses the same drone to come back and strike again once certain that first responders are on scene.

6. One area in which Cuba relatively recently took bold steps in the right direction with regard to Human Rights is in the area of rights for LGBTQ individuals. The movement was championed by Mariela Castro, daughter of Raul Castro.  It was not always so. Fidel, by his own admission, took responsibility for the  fact that his government’s policies for the LGBTQ community were for many years homophobic. Today, a strong and growing LGBTQ community is making great strides and in some areas has put Cuba ahead of the US.

In closing, I would like to leave you with a very moving thought. The first reaction in Cuba to President Kennedy’s assassination was that some people in the streets began to
 celebrate loudly and happily. In response, Fidel Castro came on Cuban TV
 to tell the Cuban people, “We do not celebrate the death of a human being. If US imperialism had died, we would celebrate.” He then sent a letter of condolence to President Kennedy’s wife, Jacqueline.

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Making real “dates” for dumping fossil fuels

cybergedeon-no-fracking-no-text-800pxSome great news on the climate change front this week as Canada joins the ranks of a number of other nations in committing to a firm date by which we will no longer be burning coal. The Liberal government announced on Monday that by 2030 coal use in Canada will be a thing of the past. This will make a significant contribution towards reducing Canada’s total greenhouse gas emissions.

What we need now are three more goals.

Number 1: A date by which we’ll phase out oil, or at least drastically reduce its use, including exporting dirty oil from Alberta’s tar sands, as the controversial Trans Mountain pipeline expansion proposes. This date doesn’t need to be as aggressive as the 2030 date for phasing out the burning of coal.

G7 leaders — at the urging of Germany’s Angela Merkel — have already agreed to 2050 as the date to drastically reduce carbon emissions to 70 per cent of 2010 levels, and 2100 as the date for ending all fossil fuel use. Canada has already committed to this goal under Stephen Harper, although he dubbed it as only “aspirational.”

But why not make the goal real and fixed like the one for coal? Such faraway dates give power producers more than enough time to complete the transition to renewables. It’s doable! For instance, Elon Musk recently unveiled a new solar panel concept about to hit the market. These solar panels are visually indistinguishable from regular roof tiles and will be available to the public by summer 2017.

Number 2: We need a date by which Canada will stop exporting coal. It’s one thing to commit to ending the burning of this dirty fuel. However, as long as we continue to make it possible for coal to be burned elsewhere we are part of the problem, not the solution. Let’s make 2050 our date for this goal, too.

Number 3: We need a date by which Canada will stop, or at least drastically reduce, our use of natural gas, and we’ll stop exporting it, too. The first part of this goal could be easily tied to the 2050 target date. But the second part — exporting natural gas — is much more complex than bringing coal exports to an end.

Many developing countries are relying on natural gas as the bridge from coal to renewables. Developing countries also have much less money available to make the transition to renewables possible. The date for this goal must be coupled with significant financial contributions from Canada and other developed nations to a pool of money available to developing ones for their transition to cleaner energy sources.

We all know “dating” games are fraught in more ways than one, especially with long-term habits. But when it comes to coal and other fossil fuels, we’d be just plain foolish not to set more fixed goals for breaking up with them.

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Bernie Sanders: 2020

nightmareI just woke up from the worst nightmare I’ve ever had — Donald Trump won the U.S. election! But wait. It’s not a nightmare — it really did happen!

We will be debating and analyzing Tuesday’s election results for a generation to come. But for me the No. 1 takeaway is the outright opposition within status quo leftists (known as SQLers) to allow for real change. Let me explain.

In the Democratic Party establishment there was outright hostility to Bernie Sanders winning the party’s nomination. Hostility because Bernie would have brought about real and structural change. The irony is that all of the polling indicated Saunders — tapping into the same vein Trump so successfully tapped into — would have done much better than Hillary Clinton against Trump.

But the SQLers — whom I call pretend leftists or convenient leftists — were so opposed to real change that they preferred the weaker of the two candidates, Clinton, because the stronger one, Sanders, might actually bring about the sort of change longed for by so many people.

So where do we go from here?

For me the next step is not to criticize the right but rather criticize the left. Too often we progressives allow our movement to be held back by a leadership that is not just overly cautious but, in fact, is consciously attempting to thwart real change.

If we are not willing to offer fundamental change to the electorate, there can only ever be one of two outcomes — no progressive, left “change candidate” is ever elected or, worse, the right puts forward a “change candidate” who gets elected and we all end up living a nightmare.

Let’s turn this nightmare into a dream. Bernie Sanders: 2020

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Affordable housing: Gregor Robertson still doesn’t get it

affordable-housingIt’s perfectly clear to anyone paying attention that we have a housing crisis in Vancouver today — a crisis that has been with us for quite some time and is only continuing to get much worse. But the only thing more troubling than the crisis itself is the lack of leadership and complete absence of any really solutions offered by our mayor, Gregor Robertson.

Just the other day I heard him interviewed on CBC Radio. He was extolling the benefits of his two recently announced housing strategies — restrictions on rentals like Airbnb in that short-term rentals of less than 30 days are only legal in principal residences, and higher property taxes on vacant properties.

Both of these strategies will only increase supply by a very small amount and have a minor dampening effect on rental rates charged in Vancouver. We’re still going to be left with a situation where the vacancy rate is far too low and market rental costs far too high.

Rather than tweaking the market, the mayor should be taking measures to create non-market housing. For many years, developers were required to set aside 25 per cent of their development for non-market housing — which was tied to income, whereby the tenant paid no more than 30 per cent of his or her income in rent.

The mayor had this definition of affordable housing changed so that now a developer satisfies the requirement for affordable housing provided that the units in question are not sold but rented out at MARKET RENTS. One of the mayor’s fellow Vision Vancouver city councillors, Kerry Jang, recently indicated that if a suite is put on the rental market by a developer at market rates, it’s affordable as long as someone can afford to rent it!

This change has resulted in literally millions of dollars of development cost levies being waived by the city because the developer has complied with the requirement to provide affordable housing. No wonder developers are quite prepared to provide Gregor Robertson with the donations necessary to purchase the election outcome!

Today’s housing crisis will only ever be addressed when government requires developers to provide truly affordable housing — that is, housing rent geared to income. Until then it’s just more tweaking around the edges.

Posted in affordable housing, City Hall, homelessness, influence peddling, Planning, social justice, Vancouver, Vision Vancouver | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment

A tale of two school boards: One fiery, one fired

apple-on-fireOne of my fondest political memories is the night when results came in for the by-election of a brand new Vancouver School Board in 1986.

Two years earlier, in 1984, COPE (Coalition of Progressive Electors) had won a bare majority on the school board, electing five of the nine trustees. They had campaigned very heavily on a no-cuts budget.

The Socreds were in power provincially, and the B.C. government had been under-funding the Vancouver School Board for years. (Does this sound familiar?) But the big difference between then and now is the way in which progressive forces in Vancouver responded in the ’80s to the prevailing political climate with a right-wing government.

COPE made very clear throughout the 1984 campaign that they simply would not consider passing anything but a needs budget — a budget that addresses needs, not necessarily a balanced budget — even if this meant passing a deficit budget. Having been elected on this very firm, some might say fiery platform, they took office in January 1985 with a clear mandate to stand up for Vancouver’s students. The gloves came off!

If memory serves me correctly, it was May 1985 when the then-education minister issued an ultimatum — either implement the cuts necessary to balance the budget or be fired. The COPE school trustees, having built a very strong base of support within the education community throughout all of Vancouver, stood firm. The community stood with them. There would be no more cuts even if it meant being fired.

A line in the sand had been drawn. It was not a battle between the provincial education minister and a few lonely, isolated school trustees, but rather a battle between an isolated and lonely minister of education and a school board that was inspiring the community with its daring refusal to implement cuts.

In early 1986, the minister fired the entire school board and appointed a trustee. Within hours, a large demonstration materialized in front of the VSB offices at 10th and Granville. The individual appointed by the minister to administer the school board was challenged every step of the way. If he held a public meeting to get input on an issue, hundreds showed up to denounce him.

Within a matter of months, the appointed trustee found it was not possible to balance the budget without making very severe cuts to an already extremely lean budget, and that the cuts required would be draconian. The minister had no choice but to call a by-election to re-elect the school board.

In those days there were only two municipal parties — COPE and the NPA (Non-Partisan Association). Throughout the by-election, the NPA candidates had very little to offer the electorate. They had not stood up for education. On the other hand, the COPE candidates could point with pride to their unwillingness to kowtow to provincial government dictates.

So now lets get back to where I started this blog — the night of the by-election.

The auditorium where COPE supporters gathered was filled with electricity! What would the outcome be? Would COPE manage to re-elect a majority, five of the nine school trustees? Or would the NPA narrative — “elect us, we’re the only responsible option” — triumph?

The results began to trickle in. One COPE trustee was elected for sure: Dr. Pauline Weinstein, the former chair of the school board. Then a second COPE candidate was declared elected, then a third, and a fourth. Then a fifth, and we had our majority. But it did not stop there! A sixth. Then a seventh. An eighth. Were we all dreaming? Had the media made some sort of mistake in relaying the results? And then it happened — our ninth candidate was elected. It would be a shutout! Nine out of nine!

Not one stay-the-course, do-as-we-are-told trustee was elected. It was an utter vindication of the belief that the left will go nowhere if it simply attempts to be a kinder, gentler version of the right. It must take a firm stand and be unwavering in its commitment to stand up for what is morally good and justified.

Contrast all of the above with what has happened in the last few days. The education minister fires the Vancouver School Board. Hardly a peep of criticism from the public. No spontaneous rally in support of education anywhere. And all of this because the so-called progressives on the VSB had utterly failed to build a partnership between the elected and the community.

In fact, up until just days ago, the school board was intent on closing numerous schools. Even worse, on the very day the school trustees were fired, the chair announced that the school board would pass a balanced budget. This after claiming for almost a year that to pass a balanced budget would mean implementing unacceptably deep cuts. No wonder there is little if any public support for the fired trustees!

So what’s the takeaway? The public is more than willing to stand with progressive politicians if they are willing to stand up for the public.

Posted in BC Liberals, British Columbia, COPE, education, NPA, Vancouver, Vision Vancouver | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

The power of girls and women

As many of you may know, October 11 was the International Day of the Girl.

international-day-of-the-girl-logoIn all walks of life we need to do a better job of creating a truly equal society. In commerce, politics and our work environments, girls and women are still not treated equally or fully valued for their contributions.

One of my heroes is Malala Yousafzi. She was shot for simply standing up to the Taliban in Pakistan for the rights of girls to receive the same education as boys. Listening to her being interviewed after her recovery was truly inspiring.

Saudi Arabia has one of the world’s most repressive regimes when it comes to the rights of girls and women. If the Saudi government was as discriminatory based on race as it is based on gender, no doubt there would be a worldwide boycott or perhaps even an embargo of their economy. Yet, because their discrimination is gender-based much of the world turns a blind eye. In Saudi Arabia, women are not even permitted to drive.

I offer the examples above not to minimize in any way the gender discrimination that continues to exist here in Canada, but rather to remind us all that as bad as the situation is here, it is an order of magnitude worse in many other areas of the world.

But let’s take a hard look at some facts that show how women and girls fare here at home in Canada in leadership roles.

According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union, as of September this year, Canada ranks a lowly 64th when it comes to the number of women in parliament — only 26% of seats in the House of Commons and 39% of seats in the Senate are held by women. Worldwide, which nation enjoys the largest representation by women in parliament? Rwanda, followed by Bolivia and Cuba!

One way to help fix the gender imbalance in Canada’s or any nation’s parliament is to switch the voting system to proportional representation. On average, 8% more women are elected with pro rep.

When it comes to the highest-paying positions in Canada’s top 100 companies, last year CBC News reported that a mere 8.5% of those jobs are held by women, according to a study by the executive search firm, Rosenzweig & Company. Only 8 of the top 100 companies’ CEOs were women. Believe it or not, this is good news, for the 2006 percentage of women in the top-paying jobs in these 100 companies was only 4.6%.

I can tell you more good news. As a lawyer I’ve witnessed firsthand the literal transformation of the legal landscape when it comes to the participation of women. Just the other day, I read an article in the September issue of Vancouver Bar Association’s magazine, The Advocate, that was a reprint of an article originally published in the same magazine back in 1946. It was written by Hilda S. Cartwright, a pioneering lawyer in the province, who was called to the BC bar in 1921, 11 years after the Law Society had told her that it couldn’t admit women into the legal profession.

In 1910, a woman had not yet been declared a person, and the Law Society at that time not only refused to admit women — it wouldn’t even recognize their ability to understand written correspondence! Today, though, women make up more than half of all new admissions to UBC’s law school.

Women lawyers make up a growing proportion of practising lawyers, and the practice of law is that much better as a result. Women bring to disputes a greater willingness to engage in collaborative negotiations. They are also less inclined to be needlessly confrontational. Now don’t get me wrong — some of my most feared combatants in the courtroom are women. Combative when necessary, yes, but not necessarily combative.

My favourite first-year law professor was a woman. She went on to become what was then a county court judge. Shortly thereafter, she was elevated to the British Columbia Supreme Court, where I had the privilege of appearing before her on two occasions.

What a breath of fresh air! On one of those occasions, I represented the owner of an old, derelict fishing boat that had burned and sunk. My client, the owner, sued the party he believed was responsible for the fire. The defendant hired a very senior counsel. The judge, after listening to both of us speak for only a few moments, came to the very quick realization that our clients were about to spend more on their lawyers than the worth of the old boat! She sent the two of us down the hall, suggesting we have a cup of coffee, and we settled the affair in 10 minutes in the lawyers’ lounge.

She was then elevated again, this time to the British Columbia Court of Appeal. But her meteoric rise did not end there. She was promoted yet again, this time to the Supreme Court of Canada. By now readers may have realized I’m referring to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, the Right Honourable Beverley McLachlin.

Surely this is one more instance that illustrates how our world can be nothing but improved if we all — men and women together — ensure that each and every one of us fulfils our full potential.

Posted in Canadian politics, equality, feminism, justice system, law, proportional representation, social justice | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Diminished by a mega-mall

Tsawwassen Mills shopping mall had its official opening Wednesday, October 5. This is a shopping centre of truly gigantic proportions situated on Tsawwassen First Nation land in Delta near the ferry terminal.

Described by some as “alarmingly big”, this mega-mall is over 1 million square feet in size and composed of not one but 16 anchor tenants and hundreds of smaller retail outlets. The parking lot alone is big enough for 6,000 vehicles — all of it on first-class agricultural land that lies below sea level in the middle of the Pacific Flyway, an important migration route used by millions of birds.

tsawThe economic viability and long-term sustainability of First Nations are goals we should all get behind. But I have to ask — is the construction of mega-malls the way to go?

True environmental sustainability will only ever be achieved when we all reduce our consumption. We need to be consuming less, not more. When an economy is built on the notion that we must keep increasing output by getting people to buy what they don’t need with money they don’t have (namely, credit cards), we’re embracing a model of economic development that is truly unsustainable and certainly not viable in the long term.

I do not fault any First Nation for one minute for their well-intended efforts to provide desperately needed jobs for their members and income for their band. However, when they’re forced to turn to “solutions” such as gambling casinos, mega-malls and electronic billboards we are all diminished.

The opening of the Tsawwassen Mills mall is a negative reflection not on the Tsawwassen First Nation but on Canadian society for putting them in a position where a mega-mall was the best option available.

Posted in British Columbia, food security, Indigenous sovereignty, Metro Vancouver, sustainability, Vancouver | Tagged , | 1 Comment

Are the federal Liberals really serious about climate change?

Like many Canadians, I’ve been pleasantly surprised by Justin Trudeau and the federal Liberals during their first year in office. I even suggested in a previous blog that the saying “they campaign from the left but govern from the right” might finally no longer apply to the current incarnation of the party.

But I suffered a rude awakening Tuesday. The federal Liberals announced their approval of the $36-billion liquid natural gas project proposed by Malaysia-based Petronas on BC’s north coast. The price tag includes TransCanada Corp.’s commitment to build two related pipelines.

Still from NASA video highlighting global carbon dioxide emissions. In 2012, Canada ranked 11th in CO2 emissions per capita -- nothing to be proud of.

Still from NASA video highlighting global carbon dioxide emissions. In 2012, Canada ranked 11th in CO2 emissions per capita — nothing to be proud of.

If this goes ahead, it will be no small project. In fact, it will be one of the largest resource projects in Canadian history. Our premier touts it as Canada’s largest private enterprise project ever. However, it’s not its financial size that shocks and depresses me.

This LNG project will add massive amounts of greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere — yes, they are 20 per cent lower than was originally planned but the Liberals have capped them at “only” 4.3 million tonnes of equivalent carbon dioxide a year. At a point in time when we should not just be reducing greenhouse gas emissions but moving to a carbon-free economy, this decision could not have been worse.

Globally, we are now witnessing all-time record temperature highs month after month. Bill McKibben, a hero of mine, co-founded The name of this organization is based on the scientifically sound belief that everything possible must be done to stop carbon content in the atmosphere (which is measure in parts per million, or ppm) from going over 350. It’s terrifying news that we are now hitting over 400 ppm, with no leveling off in sight. This is literally a death sentence for tens of millions of people who live near coastal areas, such as those in Bangladesh.

There’s even more bad news with regard to this proposed project. Liquefying natural gas requires energy — lots of it. British Columbia has one of the world’s greenest sources of energy — hydroelectricity. The federal government could have significantly reduced the negative impact of this project by at least requiring Petronas to use BC’s hydroelectricity to liquefy the natural gas. But, no — Petronas will instead be using natural gas to generate the energy required!

Not convinced yet that we should be seriously questioning Justin Trudeau’s commitment to the environment? Well, then, consider this — the LNG facility itself will be located on Lelu Island at the mouth of the Skeena River. This island is right next to the waterways where the massive Skeena River salmon runs must travel. One small catastrophe at this facility and we will say good-bye to one of the world’s most prolific salmon rivers.

If I haven’t put you in too much of a down mood yet, here’s the kicker: many prognosticators are suggesting that the LNG announcement will facilitate approval for the Kinder Morgan pipeline.

And let’s not forget that Tuesday’s approval comes just after the federal Liberals gave the green light to BC Hydro’s Site C dam last month. This is the project that Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould, before her election, protested vigorously against. She repeatedly alleged that the Harper Conservatives would be ignoring First Nations’ treaty rights if they approved this project, and she now sits in a cabinet that has done what she so loudly protested against.

Maybe that time-honoured saying that the federal Liberals campaign from the left but govern from the right is true after all.

Posted in British Columbia, Canadian politics, climate change, Indigenous sovereignty, Liberal Party, sustainability | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Empty home tax: All sizzle, no steak


The mayor’s empty home tax is not well considered, and it will not ensure more affordable housing for Vancouver renters. Image by Jon Feinstein (CC BY 2.0)

At long last Mayor Robertson has announced a tax to encourage owners of empty residential properties in Vancouver to put these on the rental market. This would be great news if the plan had been well thought out and actually had the impact it was expected to have.

But as has been the case with so many of Mayor Robertson’s housing / homelessness announcements in the past, this plan is not well considered, nor will it deliver a measurable impact.

The mayor’s tax, announced today, is only aimed at property owners who leave their property empty year-round. And while this is just the initial framework (public consultations will be held later), it looks like there are already way too many exceptions. If the homeowner is a snowbird and leaves the property empty six months of the year then the mayor’s proposed tax does not apply. If this hypothetical snowbird really enjoys vacationing all around the world and lives in his or her Vancouver residence only one month a year, the tax does not apply. City hall staff have also suggested that some owners be exempted, such as those in condos that don’t allow rentals or those doing renos.

We also don’t know whether the tax will apply to online marketplaces like Airbnb. The mayor also announced today that later this fall regulations are going to be put in place to control Airbnb. However, here’s the catch: Will today’s tax be waived if the homeowner puts the property on Airbnb and complies with the upcoming regulations?

While I commend the mayor for finally trying to regulate Airbnb, I would be very concerned if a homeowner who rents his or her property out a few times a year to Airbnb, but leaves it vacant the rest of the year, is exempted from today’s tax just because she or he is complying with the new Airbnb regs.

The takeaway is this. We won’t know until the fall Airbnb regs come out, at the earliest, whether or not they’ve even got this part right.

The mayor also announced today that all monies generated by this new tax would be reinvested in affordable housing. As readers of this blog are well aware of, Vision Vancouver very cynically redefined affordable housing quite some time ago. It used to be that the City of Vancouver used the long-standing definition of affordable housing, which was geared to income whereby the renter would pay no more than one-third of their income in rent. This is no longer the definition used by the city — market rentals are now considered to be affordable housing.

It’s so unfortunate that Mayor Robertson has developed a track record of using the housing crisis as a vehicle to campaign on rather than actually solving the problem. His latest announcement is yet another example of that.

Great headlines over the last few days leading up to today’s announcement. Great headlines from today’s announcement. But, sadly, the announcement itself is all sizzle and no steak. Renters will be no better off tomorrow with this tax in place than they were yesterday without it.

Posted in affordable housing, homelessness, social justice, Vancouver, Vision Vancouver | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Our chance at real electoral reform

Vote for COPE Independents!Do you feel that your vote counts?

You’re not the only one who wonders. The harsh reality is that with our outdated, old-fashioned “first-past-the-post” electoral system, most votes don’t count.

Let me explain, using our last federal election as an example. The federal Green Party received approximately 4% of the vote nationwide. Yet, that translated to only one MP, or 0.0032% of parliament. So if you voted Green in the last federal election, your vote fell well short of the power it should have had.

In a system that respected the value of your vote, a party that received 4% of the nation’s vote would also receive a corresponding 4% of representation in parliament.

Now take a look for a moment at what happened to the federal Liberal party in the last election. They received 40% of the popular vote, but were allocated 60% of our parliament’s seats, with 184 Liberal MPs.

A proportional representation system would not only fix the problem outlined above but, as icing on the cake, it would also have a profoundly positive effect on how our MPs work with one another. Under our current system, which almost always results in a majority parliament, there’s very little, if any, incentive for the governing party to listen to or consider the views of other parties.

I think it’s fair to say that our current federal government under Justin Trudeau has, in fact, been much more open to the views and input of MPs from other parties — something very rare. Typically, this is not the case because the majority party doesn’t need the support of MPs from other parties even if it received far less than the majority of votes. (Majority parties rarely, if ever, receive a majority of votes.)

A pro rep electoral system would almost certainly not give any one party a majority of seats in our parliament. This would actually be a positive. It would create a collaborative approach within parliament, where the views of all MPs were important in the crafting of legislation that governs us all. A good idea that attracted the support of parties across political lines would now have a much better chance of being passed into law.

Canada is one of the only western democracies that still uses the antiquated “first-past-the-post” system. Most western European nations use one form or another of pro rep.

The challenge for pro rep advocates here in Canada is to not allow ourselves to be divided amongst the myriad different “flavours” of pro rep. Each flavour or variant has its strengths and weaknesses, but I’m sad to say that too often in the past the pro rep community has allowed itself to get bogged down in internecine squabbles over which flavour to support.

Let’s put our differences aside and get behind the concept as a whole. That’s the only way we’re going to see meaningful electoral reform.

• • •

You can have your say about proportional representation. As they promised, the federal Liberals have set up an all-party electoral reform committee to hear what Canadians have to say, now through mid-October. I will be hosting a dialogue session to gather input, so I welcome your thoughts and views on this important topic. Please send them to me at timlouis~AT~timlouislaw~DOT~com.

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