Canadians with dementia have the right to a peaceful death

heart-justice-handsMany of you will remember Sue Rodriguez — the very brave woman who went to court in the 1990s seeking the right to die. She had a terminal illness and wished to die with dignity. Unfortunately, she was unsuccessful in her court application. However, the publicity her case generated gave the right-to-die movement the political capital to successfully lobby the federal government for right-to-die legislation.

It took until 2016, when Justin Trudeau’s newly elected federal government passed Bill C-14, for Canadians to get legislation that allows Medical Assistance in Dying or MAiD. While a big step forward, this legislation has several flaws.

One of its biggest failures is the requirement that people requesting a medically assisted death must be mentally capable at the time of the procedure. This is embedded in the assisted death legislation so they can change their mind at the last moment and revoke their request for MAiD. This sounds fine in theory, but the net result is that individuals with illnesses such as dementia would have to request MAiD before their illness advances to the point where they’re no longer mentally competent — something the current law does not allow.

Already the failure of Bill C-14 has meant that people like Audrey Parker in Nova Scotia have been forced to opt for a premature death. Other individuals suffering from dementia, even in its early stages — such as Ron Posno in London, Ontario — realize a terrible irony: The way the law now stands, they will have no mind to change at the crucial moment. (Learn about Ron’s case in this excellent documentary by Alisa Segal that I heard on CBC Radio’s The Sunday Edition.)

Last week, several reports that the federal government commissioned on Bill C-14 were released. While the reports were not to provide recommendations, three separate areas were reviewed. One of these is the incorporation of advance directives for assisted death. This is when a competent person makes a request for assisted dying that could be honoured later, after they no longer have the mental capacity to make medical decisions for themselves.

In my opinion, advance directives should be included. This would go a long way toward fixing Bill C-14. It also would put at ease people who suffer with diseases like dementia — and their families and caregivers — relieving of them of a tremendous burden so they can focus on more necessary things.

If you feel like I do on this important issue, you may wish to sign this petition by Dana Livingstone in Sooke, who wants no one to suffer like her mom with dementia did at the end. Not everyone with advanced cognitive decline will want an assisted death, but those who do should not be denied their right to do so.

Dying with Dignity Canada is a not-for-profit organization that supports MAiD and advance directives for assisted death. Offering a range of services and information about patients’ rights, they believe it’s your life, it’s your choice.

Posted in Canadian politics, disability justice, Liberal Party | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Unanimous vote on Vancouver tenants’ rights is a game changer

puzzle-house-oilpaintOn Tuesday, December 4, COPE Councillor Jean Swanson tenants’ protection motion finally came before city council for a vote.

In the week leading up to the vote, more than 300 tenants spoke eloquently to council about the need for protection when landlords decide to renovict them. See my last blog (Secure tenants make for a better Vancouver) to learn why changes are so needed to the city’s Relocation and Protection Policy to better protect renters. Bottom line: Councillor Swanson’s motion gives tenants the right to move back into a suite after renovations and — more importantly — at the same rent as when they left.

In the lead-up to the vote, all eyes were on council as this would be their first major decision. Without any one party having a majority, it was anybody’s guess how the vote would go.

In the end, Councillor Swanson’s motion, although amended, received the unanimous support of council. An historic moment for tenants’ rights in Vancouver!

While it’s to be expected that the numerous housekeeping motions that frequently come before council will receive unanimous support, it’s highly unusual for council to be unanimous on what’s usually perceived as such a highly political issue. To their credit, even the five right-of centre NPA councillors voted in favour.

This type of unanimity is what Vancouver’s electorate has been waiting for for a long time.

Throughout Vision Vancouver’s 10-year grip on city hall, divisive politics became the norm. We’ll never know, but I suspect that Councillor Swanson’s tenants’ protection motion would have been defeated had Vision still reigned.

During my six years on city council, I experienced the highest level of satisfaction when I was able to obtain support from all the parties at the council table for two motions I put forward — one to create Vancouver ‘s Food Policy Council, the other to initiate the city’s ethical purchasing policy.

When councillors work together across party lines, the result is an initiative much more likely to survive any future change in council’s makeup after voters weigh in again in subsequent elections. It means the change you’ve been working on so hard as a representative of the people of Vancouver gets embedded more solidly. Since it has multi-party support, it can better withstand the twin tests of time and electoral whims, and make a lasting difference.

Posted in affordable housing, British Columbia, City Hall, COPE, developers, gentrification, Green Party, homelessness, NDP, NPA, People Power, Planning, social justice, Vancouver, Vancouver election, Vision Vancouver | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Secure renters make for a better Vancouver

COPE Councillor Jean Swanson’s motion [PDF] to give tenants protection from landlords during renovations was referred to committee at city hall November 27 so that members of the public would have an opportunity to speak to it.

The motion proposes immediate changes to the city’s Relocation and Protection Policy. There are a number of changes, but the most important one is that tenants would only have to move out temporarily during renovations, without their leases ending or the rents going up. If passed by council, this would be an enormous victory for tenants.

So many people spoke to the motion on the first day — all in favour of it — that the speakers’ list was carried over.

It will be interesting to see where members of this new city council stand on the issue. One would expect that the five NPA councillors, with their party generally more supportive of landlords and businesses, will vote against it. If so, Councillor Swanson will need the support of the three Green councillors, the one OneCity councillor and the mayor in order to succeed.

I’m keeping my fingers crossed that the motion does get the support of council. In today’s market of overpriced rentals, tenants are feeling very vulnerable. The extremely low rental vacancy rate, which just dropped from 0.9% to 0.8%, makes matters even worse.

More than half of Vancouverites are renters, so this is an issue that affects the majority of people in our city.

I think most of us forget how extensive the number of renters is in Vancouver. A policy change that benefits tenants ultimately benefits all of us by stabilizing our community and giving the majority of people a fairer chance of having secure housing and a better lifestyle.

Numerous studies have shown that when people feel more stable and financially secure, they spend more. Surely business people can’t argue against that.

cityscape-2747226_640Let’s spread the word on social media to email mayor and councillors to support Councillor Swanson’s motion. We can affect the vote on this motion and make Vancouver more affordable immediately. Time is of the essence to let councillors know you support better protection for renters, so please do it today!

All Vancouver City Councillor phone/email/FB/Twitter (via City of Vancouver)

All Vancouver City Councillor email addresses in one handy page (City Hall Watch)

Contact form for Mayor and Council (via City of Vancouver)



PDF of Councillor Jean Swanson’s motion Protecting Tenants from Renovictions and Aggressive Buy-Outs

Posted in affordable housing, British Columbia, City Hall, COPE, developers, economy, gentrification, Green Party, homelessness, NDP, NPA, People Power, Planning, Vancouver | Tagged | Leave a comment

Vancouver City Council too timid on rescinding duplexes


On Thursday the 15th of November, council voted on a motion put forward by the NPA’s Colleen Hardwick to rescind the previous council’s motion passed in September to blanket rezone all single-family lots in Vancouver for duplexes.

It’s rare that I agree with motions put forward by the NPA; this is one of those rare occasions. I was actually very pleased to see Councillor Hardwick put forward her motion to reverse the duplex zoning.

Vancouver residents have told city council time and again over the years that outright duplex zoning will result in neighbourhoods losing their character. Also, duplex zoning significantly increases even further the already unaffordable price of single family homes in Vancouver. At the very least, the former council, which was dominated by Vision Vancouver, should have referred their duplex proposal to a public hearing to get people’s input before deciding what to do.

With all this in mind, I was quite disappointed to see Councillor Hardwick’s motion defeated 8 to 1. (Mayor Stewart and Councillor Fry were absent.)

Those voting against Councillor Hardwick’s motion put forward a number of reasons for doing so. With the greatest of respect to those councillors, their reasons simply don’t hold up.

One reason given was the need to gather more information though public consultation as this was never done during the earlier round of rezoning. To that I would just say there’s no good reason to leave the duplex zoning in place pending a public hearing.

The other main reason given was to leave the status quo in place, meaning the current duplex zoning, until the process for a much-needed city-wide plan is underway.

I would strongly argue just the opposite. Until the city-wide plan is in place, the real status quo, the original single-family zoning — which is what existed up until Vision’s blanket duplex zoning was approved — should be reinstated.

I appreciate the new council’s desire not to make unnecessary waves, but this approach was far too timid.

Posted in affordable housing, City Hall, COPE, developers, gentrification, Green Party, homelessness, NPA, Planning, Vancouver, Vision Vancouver | Tagged , | 1 Comment

My tips for new city councillors

Of Vancouver’s 11-member city council —10 councillors and the mayor — only two have any previous experience on city council. The remaining nine are all brand new to their roles. So I have a few tips I’d like to offer them from my six years of experience as a city councillor.

1. Reply to all correspondence.


This means both hard copy and emails, as well as all your voicemail messages.

You’d be surprised at the number of city councillors who fail to do this. Once safely ensconced in their elected positions, many develop a very laissez-faire attitude about calls and correspondence, including those directed to mayor and council as a whole.

I still remember the day at city hall when a fellow from the IT department came by to see me. He offered me an option on my computer such that I would not even receive any emails directed to mayor and council. I couldn’t believe that most of my council colleagues used that option!

If you want to stay in touch with your constituents, it’s an absolute must that you personally respond to them.

It might seem like it takes a lot of time at first, but you quickly learn that you gain a wealth of information that you wouldn’t otherwise have — on-the-ground news from the neighbourhood; how people are thinking about the issues of the day; creative solutions to problems facing the city.

2. Listen to constituents.

ear-gradientThis builds on tip No. 1. It’s important not just to read and reply but rather to really listen. That includes face-to-face conversations and presentations like those at public hearings, too.

Most of my major initiatives when I was on council didn’t originate from my thinking but from constituents’ ideas. I learned far more, for instance, about rapid bus by talking to citizens familiar with this concept than I ever learned from staff reports.

Rapid bus, BTW, is a dedicated bus line something like the B-Line, but more. Passengers only use prepaid ticketing so they can board more quickly plus the bus operates in a special green-lighted lane, so it doesn’t have to stop for red lights. It’s just as efficient as SkyTrain but only 1/6 of the cost so can you have six times as many kilometres of coverage for the same price.

3. Work across party lines.


The two accomplishments I’m most proud of from my time on city council — the Vancouver Food Policy Council to improve food sustainability and the city’s ethical purchasing policy — were achieved with the support of the NPA councillors of the day.

In my second term in office, COPE held the majority of the nine seats on council. The NPA had two, but since COPE was divided into two factions I needed the NPA’s support to get my motions through.

This turned out to be a very healthy requirement as it meant that a future council with an NPA majority wouldn’t roll back these initiatives.

With today’s multi-party city council, it will be more important than ever for individual councillors to embrace the concept of collaboration. It’s not only about getting your motion passed: Through collegial discussion and debate, other members of council better understand the thinking behind such initiatives, and ultimately share the responsibility of keeping them alive and well.


Posted in City Hall, COPE, NPA, Vancouver, Vancouver election | Tagged | Leave a comment

COPE’s Jean Swanson is off to a great start

Vancouver’s new city council was sworn into office Monday, November 5 at an invitation-only ceremony held before their first council meeting. But COPE’s lone city councillor, Jean Swanson, had already been hard at work. She served notice of motion a number of days prior to the first meeting on her proposed motion regarding renovictions.

Let me take a moment now to talk about renovictions and what Councillor Swanson hopes to achieve with her motion.

Under BC’s Residential Tenancy Act, landlords may only raise the rent in a residential suite once a year. The amount of the rent increase is capped at the Consumer Price Index plus 2%. However, these restrictions do not apply each time there’s a turnover in the residential suite. If the tenant moves out, the landlord may raise the rent as much as she or he wishes, even if it has not been a year since the last increase. The raise is not capped at all.

For years, landlords have used this exception to get around the Residential Tenancy Act‘s restrictions on the amount of rent increases. The landlord serves the tenant with an eviction notice on the basis that they wish to renovate the suite, hence the term “renoviction”.


New Vancouver City Councillor Jean Swanson got to work advocating for renters even before she was sworn into office Nov. 5th. Her first motion would improve tenant protections and ask the province for vacancy control to prevent ‘renovictions.’ [Photo from]

Councillor’s Swanson’s motion would close this loophole. According to a recent article in the Vancouver Star, she explains things this way:

“(Apartment buildings are) being bought at high prices with the landlord assuming they’ll be able to rent them out at a higher rent than tenants are currently paying,” she said. “Anything the government does to build social housing is nullified by all of these affordable apartments becoming luxury apartments.”

It will be interesting to see how the rest of council votes on Councillor Swanson’s progressive motion. One would anticipate that the five NPA councillors will vote against it. If so, Councillor Swanson will be dependent on the rest of council — three Greens, one OneCity councillor, and the mayor — if her motion is to succeed.

Councillor Jean Swanson is off to a great start. Fingers crossed her motion carries. If it does, renters will have won a big victory.

Posted in affordable housing, British Columbia, City Hall, COPE, Vancouver | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

A no-brainer: Support pro rep!

One voting opportunity has just finished — our municipal election — and another is underway — the referendum on our provincial electoral system.

Elections BC mailed voting packages to everyone on the voters list just a few days ago. The mail-in ballot asks us to choose between 2 different electoral systems: the current first-past-the-post (FPTP) system or proportional representation (PR or pro rep). The ballot also asks us to rank in order of preference 3 different systems of pro rep. You can choose 1, 2 or all 3 of the systems.

I’ve long been a strong supporter of PR. With our current system of FPTP, the winning party typically gets more than half of the seats in our legislative assembly with much less than half of the popular vote. Typically, the losing parties elect far fewer seats than their share of the popular vote would indicate.

For example, if Party A won every riding in the province with 40% of the vote in each riding, it would win 100% of the seats in our legislative assembly having only obtained 40% of the popular vote. The other parties split the remaining 60% of the vote but would not obtain a single seat. That’s not fair!

Many people I have spoken to really like the idea of proportional representation but are somewhat confused about exactly how the 3 different PR systems offered on the ballot would work. Even I have some difficulty explaining the differences, but you can learn all about them here on the Elections BC website.

My advice is to focus on the big picture.

Do we prefer that the end result is a legislative assembly where the number of seats each party holds is roughly comparable to the popular vote it obtained in the election? If so, then proportional representation is your choice.

For me this is a no-brainer, and I don’t need to get bogged down in the intricacies in exactly how the new pro rep system will work. That said, my preferred “flavour” of pro rep is Mixed Member Proportional, or MMP — the second one listed on the ballot. I like the fact that each riding elects a single representative and then the regional seats are used to correlate the total number of seats to the total number of votes.

MMP has proven to be very popular in a number of places. Variations of it are used in New Zealand, Germany, Scotland and Wales to name a few, plus the Law Commission of Canada and several provincial commissions have recommended it.

England, the U.S., Canada, India and a handful of countries in Africa are the only nations that still use first-past-the-post. It’s almost like a relic left over from colonial times.

Certain people, often those who get often get elected to seats of power, prefer FPTP because it means more wasted votes, which favours them. It can also be easily gerrymandered, and the winner-take-all approach often means a distorted representation that usually favours them and their party.

We currently have a government in Victoria where two parties, the NDP and the Green Party, are working together. This arrangement has only been possible as a result of cooperation and compromise between them — a much more collaborative approach. It only came about because the NDP failed to win a majority of seats in our last provincial election.

Such an outcome is relatively rare with first-past-the-post, but parties working together — collaboratively — is almost guaranteed with PR. And when people work together we usually get better outcomes for us all.

My partner, Penny, and I have already voted and mailed our ballots back to Elections BC. If you have not yet voted, I hope you will vote for a big improvement in our electoral system and choose PR.

I leave it to you to decide which “flavour” of PR is your preferred choice.

Fingers crossed the referendum outcome is a brand new, collaborative electoral system.

Make sure you return your mail-in ballots by Nov. 30. If you are on the voters list and did not receive your ballot, contact Elections BC at, or phone 1-800-661-8683.

Posted in British Columbia, Canadian politics, Elections - British Columbia, electoral reform, Green Party, NDP, People Power, proportional representation | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

The COPE election victory in context

cope city we need

In the 2018 Vancouver municipal election, COPE ran an energetic campaign, helped by abundant volunteers and a progressive platform that featured rent freeze and mansion tax planks. [Photo by COPE]

I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again — COPE is back!

Last Saturday was election day and for the first time since 2011, COPE had candidates elected not just to Vancouver’s city council, where Jean Swanson came in fourth, but also to the city’s school board, with Barb Parrott, and park board, with Gwen Giesbrecht and John Irwin.

Many predicted the disappearance of COPE in 2014 when it failed to elect anybody. Historically, parties that fail to elect any candidates find it very difficult to remain in existence. It’s a tribute to our COPE membership that they never gave up.

Full disclosure: I say this as someone who helped keep COPE afloat during difficult years. I did it because the party so strongly supports the needs of ordinary citizens and is not in the pocket of developers. Remember, COPE stands for the Coalition of Progressive Electors.

After COPE’s historic landslide victory in 2002, when it elected 8 of 10 city councillors along with mayor Larry Campbell, a pro-developer, pro-gambling-expansion faction broke away from COPE. This faction went on to become Vision Vancouver.

For many years, a debate took place within COPE over whether or not the party should align itself with Vision. In the 2005, 2008 and 2011 election cycles, a pro-Vision faction within COPE won the debate at our AGMs, resulting in electoral alliances between COPE and Vision Vancouver. The result was disastrous for COPE. In election after election, the party continued in a downward slide.

Finally, in the 2014 election cycle, the pro-Vision faction within COPE was defeated by an “Independent COPE” faction. The result was yet another split —- the pro-Vision faction left COPE to establish a new party called One City.

In 2014, COPE began to improve its standing in the polls but still failed to elect any candidates.

This year, however, COPE ran a very energetic campaign with more volunteers than we’ve had for a very long time along with a very appealing platform. Our rent freeze plank spoke to the majority of Vancouverites who are renters. Our mansion tax appealed to those who believe it’s time we address the city’s housing crisis.

We managed to achieve this historic breakthrough without a mayoral candidate. We had planned on running UBC’s notable urban planning professor, Patrick Condon. Sadly, he suffered a debilitating stroke just days before we were set to nominate him. Imagine what we would have achieved had he been able to run as our mayoral candidate!

Still, I am thrilled with the election results. Not only is COPE finally back, but Vision Vancouver is virtually wiped out. They elected no candidates to city council or park board and only one to school board.

It will be interesting to see how Christine Boyle, the single One City city councillor, votes on development issues and whether or not she follows in the footsteps of Vision Vancouver.

We have an exciting four years ahead of us! Three cheers for COPE!

Posted in affordable housing, Canadian politics, City Hall, COPE, developers, gentrification, Metro Vancouver, People Power, Vancouver, Vancouver election, Vision Vancouver | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Vote October 20 — don’t let others decide for you!


This coming Saturday, Oct. 20 is municipal election day.

I’ve already voted at the advance poll so that I’m free to volunteer for the candidates I’m supporting on election day.

Who am I supporting?

For me, it was a very easy decision. I voted the entire COPE and GREEN slates. I abstained on the mayoral ballot. And I voted in favour of the three capital referendum questions.

Why am I supporting COPE and the Greens in this election?

I am very attracted to two of COPE’s policies — the mansion tax and the rent freeze. The mansion tax will create the revenue necessary to aggressively tackle Vancouver’s homeless crisis. The rent freeze is long overdue. For over a decade, rents have been going up at a rate far exceeding the inflation rate. The Residential Tenancy Act ties rents to the person, not the suite. What this means in real terms is that whenever there is turnover in the suite, the landlord raises the rent as much as the market will bear. It’s not uncommon now for a one-bedroom suite to rent in excess of $1,800 per month.

I am also aware of the environmental crisis humanity faces. Just the other day the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change issued a dire report. Humanity has 10 years to get its act in order. This means getting as many Greens elected as possible a very high priority of mine.

With regard to the mayoral ballot, I thought long and hard about who might offer the best platform to address our No. 1 crisis — housing. Sadly, I concluded that none of the candidates recognize the need to dramatically move from market-based solutions to non-market solutions, such as 50% of the market being comprised of non-market housing with rent geared to 30% of income.

And when it comes to capital plans, I always support them. They make for a healthier city.

No matter how you vote, don’t forget to get out there on Saturday, Oct. 20 if you haven’t already voted in the advance polls. If you don’t help decide who you want to govern, others will gladly do it for you — and you may not like the results.


Vancouver 2018 voter information (where, when, how to vote)

Coalition of Progressive Electors (COPE) (click on candidates for school, park & council)

Vancouver Greens website


Posted in affordable housing, City Hall, COPE, Green Party, People Power, sustainability, Vancouver, Vancouver election, Vancouver Park Board, Vision Vancouver | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Support “shop local” when you “vote local”

vote-and-shop-localWith “for lease” signs popping up everywhere in Vancouver’s commercial districts, it’s become crystal clear just how difficult the situation is for our city’s small businesses.

Online retail is part of the reason so many small businesses are closing shop. Many of us now find the convenience of shopping with our keyboards much preferable to walking through our neighbourhood stores. I confess — I’m one of those consumers.

But a much larger and more significant cause of small business failure is the astronomical rent increases they’ve had to endure in Vancouver over the past decade. With the local real estate boom, landlords have jacked up lease rates far beyond the inflation rate. Most of the “for lease” signs we see in our local shopping districts are the result of the commercial tenant’s lease expiring and the landlord demanding rent far in excess of what the long-time commercial tenant can afford.

Much has been made recently of the need to protect residential tenants from high rental increases. Last week, the provincial government reduced from 4.5% to 2.5% the maximum amount a landlord can raise a residential tenants’ rent by in 2019.

I say it’s well past time for government to introduce legislation protecting commercial tenants. If there can be a cap on residential rent increases, why not a cap on commercial rental rate increases, too? This wouldn’t just benefit commercial tenants — it would also do a lot to keep our local shopping districts alive and vibrant by dramatically reducing the number of empty storefronts.

If the provincial government isn’t prepared to take action and introduce legislation to protect commercial tenants, then I call on the City of Vancouver to do so.

It’s election time! Let’s make sure that the candidates we vote for in the upcoming municipal election are prepared to stand up for commercial tenants. If we don’t take action now, we’ll soon have no other choice than to drive to suburban malls or shop on-line with our keyboards.

Remember, voting day is October 20. Advance voting is October 10–17. Check to see if you’re already registered, and/or find more 2018 election info here!

Posted in British Columbia, City Hall, developers, economy, gentrification, NDP, Planning, Vancouver, Vancouver election | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment